Working Session: Environmental Resistances in Oceania
Organizers: Jacinta Forde and Fiona McCormack
In the context of accelerating environmental degradation increasing attention is being directed towards the need for “transformative changes” and “the evolution of financial and economic systems to build a global sustainable economy, steering away from the current limited paradigm of economic growth” (IPBES, United Nations, “Natures Dangerous Decline,” 2019). Yet the solutions that have emerged from this crisis are typically limited to ambitions framed in terms of either exploiting or conserving nature, that is, achieving sustainability through financing conservation, promoting corporate social responsibility, or protecting nature through the establishment of large-scale marine and terrestrial protected areas.
An alternative narrative garnering Oceanic wide recognition is that of the “contribution of Indigenous people to wild and domestic biodiversity” (IPBES 2019). While the role of traditional ecological knowledge and customary tenure is crucial, this working session invites participants to reflect on the broader political and economic significance of Indigenous environmental resistances. Across Oceania environmental precarity has, for instance, mobilised opposition to desecrating the sacred, coalescing movements against seabed mining in Aotearoa, deep sea mining in Papua New Guinea, property development in Ihumātao, marine pollution in Aotea, military testing in Hawaii and Guam and the construction of monster telescopes on Hawaii’s Mauna a Wakea.
Some potential themes include:
We invite participants to email organisers with abstracts of up to 250 words to session organisers:
Jacinta Forde, University of Waikato, <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Fiona McCormack, University of Waikato, <email@example.com>